Cartographica Neerlandica Topographical names for Ortelius Map No. 187


Oceans, Seas, Bays, Gulfs, Straights, Capes

Quadrant Text
B1  Altiuestiū|pro.
B2  Apollinis|prom
C2  Boreum|prom.
B1  Boreū|pro.
A2  Celticum|pro.quod et Nerium
A2, B2  Chari|lamū prom
B2, B1  Curianū|pro.
B1  Epidiū|prom.
B2  Ferra|ria pro:
A2  Fretum Gaditanum
C2  Fretum Ma:|mertinum
B1  Gobeum|prom
B1  Laganorū|prom.
B2  Lunarium|prom.
C2  MARE AEGAEVM.
E2, D2  MARE CASPIVM|vel|HIRCANVM.
B2, C2  Mare Inferum
C2  Mare Superum
B2, D2  MARE|MEDITERRANEUM (C2)
B2  Mercurij|prom.
B1  Notum|pro.
B1  Nouan:|tū pro.
A2  Oceanus At:|lanticus
B1  Oceanus Britanicus.
A2, B2  Oceanus|Cantabricus.
B1  Oceanus|Germanicus.
B1  Octopitarū|pro.
D2, C2  PONTVS EVXI|NVS.
A2  Sacrum|prom.
A2, B2  Schyticum prom.
B2  Scombraria|prom.
E3  Sinus|Per|sicus
D3  SINVS ARABICI PARS.
C2, C3  S’rtis|magna
B1  Taßo:|lorum prom.
A3  Usagium|prom.
B1  Xantonum|pro.

Textblocks

Quadrant Text
D1  Diuina mens ciuitatem populi|Romani egregia temperataque re:|gione collocauit,uti Orbis terra:|rum imperio potiretur.Vitruuius lib.8. (E1) [added in 1592.] [The divine mind has assigned to the citizens of the Roman nation an excellent and temperate region, so that they could establish the Empire of the whole world. Vitrusvius book 8.]

Placenames

Quadrant Text
B2  Abdirasa
C2  Abidus
D3  Ab’dus.
D2  Acraba.
C2  Actia:|ria
B2  Adrume:|tum.
B1  Adua:|tici
E2  Agara
C3  Agaua
C1  Ala Flauiana
D2  Ala:|mata
D2  Alalis
D2  Alexan:|dria.
D2  Alexandria
D3  Alexandria|statio
B1  Alexia
B2  Alona
D2  Ama|stris
B1  Ambilia:|tes
B1  Ambra:|ni.
E3  Amea
D2  Amisus
D3  Ancala
C2  Ancona
D2  Ancy:|ra.
C2  Antigo:|ma.
D2, C2  Antiochia
D2  antiochia
D2, D3  Antiphira
C2  Antipyrgus
D2  Apamia
E2  Apamia
C2  Apollo|nia
E2  Appollonia
B2, C2  Aquilegia (B1) (C1)
B3  Aquę calidę
B2  Aquę|Augustę
B1  Aquę|solis.
D2  Arasmosa|ta.
C1  Aredata
B2  Arela|te
B1  Argen:|tina
B2, A2  Arina
B2, A2  Arse|naria|Colonia
C2  Arsinoe
D3  Arsi|noe
E2, D2  Arę sabę.
B2  Asarath.
D2  Ascalon
E2  Asia
C3  Aspis
C3  Asporis|uilla
A2  Astigi
D2  Aterra
C2  Athe:|ne
A2  Athra|tum
B1  Au:|relia
C3  Augila
B1  Augusta Vin|delicorū
B1  Augusta|Rauracorū.
B2  Augusta|Tauri|norū
B1, C1  Augusta|Tiberij
B1  Augusta|Treuirorū
A2, B2  Augusto|briga
B2  Augus|ta.
B1  Augus|ta.Veromć|ducorū
C3  Automala
E2  babilon
D2  Babilon.
D2  Barbarißus
B2  Barcinon
D2  Barsamsa
B1  Bello|caßi
D2, E2  Beltiana
D3  Bere:|nice
C2  Berenice
A2  Berpis.
D2  Ber’thus
D2  Betoum.
E2  Bi:|bla.
B1  Bibracte
B1  Bituriges
A3  Bocanum|hemerum
C1  Boidu:|rum
A2  Bracara
D2  Brisa
C2  Brun:|disiū
B2  Bullamen
B2  Bullaria
B2  Bulla|ria
B2  Bur|degala
C2  Butrõ|tum
C2, B2  Buxen:|tum
D2  Bźmaris
C2  B’zć|tium
B2  Cadurci
B1  Camulo|dunū
C2  Capa
A2  Car:|teia
D2  Carrę
B2  Cartago
B2, A2  Cartha|go noua
A2  Castaon
B1  Castra
C2  Chalce:|don
D2  Chasira
D2  Choca
B2, B3  Chusis
D2  Claudio:|polis.
A2  Colibria
B1  Colonia|Agrippina
B2  Colops|magnus.
D3  Cop:|tos.
C1  Corco|dunū
A2  Corduba
C2  Corin|thus.
D2  Cor’cus
B2  Cremona
E2  Cte:|siphon
B1  Curio|solitę
D2  Curium
D2  Cęsarea
B2  Cęsar|Augusta
D2  Damascus
C2  Darius
C2  Delminū
C2  Delphos
B2  Depra|num
C2  Dictamū
C1, C2  Dino|getia.
D2  Diocęsa:|rea.
D3  Dios|polis
D2  Domicio|polis
A2, A3  Dorath
B1  Doris
C3  Durga
B1  Eburo:|nes
C3  Echinus
D2  Edeßa
D3  Elana
A2  Emerita
C2  Ephesus
C2  Epidau|rus
C2  Epida|urus.
C2  Epi|damnus
A2  Exilißa
B2  Feronia
D2  Flauiada
B2, A2  Flavio:|briga
C1  Flexum
A2  Gala:|pha.
B2  Geneua
B2  Genua
B1, B2  Gergabia
D2  Ger|ma
C2  Gni:|dus.
C2, C3  Goa (B2) (B3)
C2  Gortina
C2  Ha:|driano|polis
C2  Halicar|naßus.
C2  Heraclea
D2, C2  Heraclea
B2  Herculis|portus
C3, C2  Herculis|turris
D3  Hermo:|polis.
C2  Hidruntum
D2, C2  Hierapolis
D2  Hierapolis
B2  Hippon
D3  Hippos.
A2  Hispalis
C2  Iadera
B1  Iccius|portus
B1  Iermis
D2  Ieru:|salem
B2  Iler|da
C2  Ilium
B1, B2  Inutri:|um
B2  Ippa
A2  Iria Flauia
D2  Iscopolis
C2  istio:|niū.
C2  Istro:|polis.
C1, B1  Iulium|Carnicū
A2  Iulobriga
C1  Iuua:|uia
D2  Joppe
D2  Juliopolis
C2  Lacede:|mon
D2  Laodicea
D2  Laodi|cea.
B1, B2  Lato:|brigi.
C2, C3  Leptis|magna
C2  Leuetrū
A2  Lix
B1  Londinum
B2  Lugudunū
B1  Lutetia|Parisiorum
D2  Lćba|na.
B1  Līdum
D2  L’sias
D2  Ma:|cra.
C2  Magne|sia
B2  Mago
B1  Maguntiacum
A2  Malaca
B1  Manci:|num.
B3, A3  Manliana
D2, E2  Mantha|na.
B2  Mantua
B2  Maxula
D2  Mazaca
B2  Maßilia
B2  Mediola|num
B1  Medio|lanū
D2  Megalo|polis.
D2, D3  Memphis.
C2, B2  Messana
C2  Methone
D2  Metilena
A2, A3  Micosocoras|portus.
C2  Minoa
B2  Mire
A2  Mirobrica
A3  Misocoras
A2  Molachat
B2  Murrella.
C2  M’ndus.
D2, C2  Nacolia
B1  Nane:|tes
B2  Narbo
B1  Naualia
C2  Neapolis
B2, B3  Negenta
B2  Nemaurus
B1  Nemetum
B1  Neomagum
C2, C3  Nesisphira
D2, C2  Nicea
D2  Niceph:|rium
B2  Nicia
C2, D2  Nicomedia
C2  Nicopo:|lis.
C2  Nicopo:|lis.
D2  Nicopo:|lis.
D2  Nicopolis.
A2  Noega
A2  Norba|Cęsarea
B2  Numan:|tia.
D3  Oasis|magna
A2  Oecath
C2  Oestus
B2  Olbia
D2  Olbia
C1  Olimacum.
C2  Olimpia
C2  Ortone
A2  P Bana:|sa.
B1  P Medio:|matricū
B2  Palma
D2  Palm’ra
B2  Panor:|mus
D2  Paphia
A2  Pax|Augusta
A2  Pax|Iulia.
C2  Pella.
D2  Pelusium
C2  Perga|mum
C2  Peronti:|cum.
C2, B2  Pestum
B2  Petragorij
B1  Pettuaria
D2  Pha:|sis.
C3  Pharaxa
D2  Philadelph|ia
C3  Philęni|uilla
C2  Phthia
B1  Picto|nes
B2  Pisa
B2  Pisau:|rum.
B2, B3  Pisindõ|portus
D2  Polemoniū.
D2  Pompe:|iopolis.
B2  Pompeio|polis
C2  Pons Traiani
D3  Posidium
C2  Prusa
B3  Putra
B2  Rauenna
B1  Regia
C2  Regi|um
C2  Rhit’m:|na.
A2  Ri|sadira
B2, C2  Roma
B1  Roto:|magus
B2  Saba:|tra
C3, B3  Saba:|tra.
B2  Saguntum
A2  Sala
C2  Salona
C2  Salonia:|ra
D2  Sana.
D2  Sanra
D2, E2  Sarada
C2, D2  Sardis.
A2  Scalla|bis
C2  Scodria
C2  Sc’llęum
D2  Sebasto|polis.
B2  Sego|bia
E2, D2  Seleucia
D2  Seleucia.
B2  Sena
A2  Sen|tica
B2, A2  Septiman|ce.
B2  Ser:|guntia
C3  Sicapo
D3  Sie|ne
A2  Sige:|polis
A2  Silua
D2  Sinibra
D2  Sinope
C2  Sipon|tū
D2  Sip|hora
D2  Sisinara.
B2  Sittici co|lonia
C2  Sm’rna
C2  Stratoni|ca
C1  Strigoniū
B3  Sumitis
C2  Surren:|tū
C2, B2  Syracu:|sę.
D2  Tamas|sus.
A3  Tamu:|sia
C3  Tanuthis
B2  Tarasco.
C2  Tarentum
B2  Tarraco
D2  Tarsus
C2  Tauru:|num
C3  Tega
E2, E3  Teredon.
C2, C1  Teu:|toburgum
D2  Teucila
E2  Teuschapha
B2  Thabraca|Colonia
C2  The:|be.
C2  Theßalonica
B2  Thieha.
B1  Tigurū.
D2  Tinissa
B2  Tipasa
B2  Titelia
A2  Toletum
B2  Tolosa
B2  Tor:|rona
D2  Trapezus
D2  Tremitus.
D2  Tri:|polis
C2  Triniū
D2  Tripolis
C2  Tro|esen
B1  Tuesis.
B1  Tulli:|um.
B2  Tumarca
B2  Tunetū
B1  Turo:|nes.
B2  Tur|tubis
A2  T’de
D2  T’rus
A2  Ulisippo.
B2  Urgel|la.
B2  Usilla
B2  Utica
B1  Uxelum
B2  Va:|lentia
B1  Vangiones
B1  Vbij
B2  Velaunij
B1  Veneti.
B2  Venetię
B2  Vero:|na.
B1  Vero|dum
B1  Veson|tij
B1, B2  Xantonis
D2  Zama
C1  Zarmisgenusa.Decebali quondć|Regia;que pastea dicta est|Vlpia Traiana. [Zarmis genusa. Once kingdom of Decebalus which was later called Ulpia Traiana.]
D2  Zeug|ma
D2  Zigana.

Mountain ranges, mountains, dunes

Quadrant Text
C2, B2  Aetna|m.
B2  Alpes
A3, B3  Atlas maior mons
A2  Atlas|minor
C2  Haemus mons.
B2  Pyrrenei montes.
D2, C2  Taurus mons
D2  Taurus mons.
B1  Vogesus

Degrees

Quadrant Text
A3  20
E3  20
B3  30 40
E2  40 30
C3  50
E1  50
D3  60 70
E3  80

Countries, Regions, Provinces, Areas, Tribes, Polders, Woods

Quadrant Text
D3  AEGYPTVS.
B3, C3  AFRICA|MINOR
D1, D2  ALBA|NIA.
B1  ALBION
B2  Aqui|tania
D3, D2  ARABIAE|PARS.
D2  ARMENIAE.
D2, C2  ASIA|MI|NOR
E2  ASSY:|RIA.
D2, E3  BABI:|LO|NIA. (E2)
B1  Bataui
B1  Belgica.
A2  Betica.
C2, D2  BITHINIA.
A2, B2  Bochi Reg.
A2, B2  Cantabri.
D2  CAPPADO:|CIA
B1  Celtica
D2, E2  Chaldea.
D2  CILICIA
D1  COLCHIS.
C3  CYRENE
C2  DACIA.
C2, B2  Flaminia
B1  Frisij
B1  GALLIA
B1, C1  GER|MANIA
C1  GETAE.
C2  GRAECIA.
C3, D3  Hammoniaca|regio.
B1  Helue|tij
A2, B2  HISPANIA
D2, D1  IBE|RIA.
C2  ILLYRICVM.
C2  ISTR|IA.
B2, C2  ITA|L|IA
D2  IVDAEA.
B2  Liguria
A2  Lusitania.
C2, D2  LYDIA.
C2  MACE:|DONIA
C3, D3  MARMARICA
A2, B2  MAVRITANIA|TINGITANA.
B2, B3  MAVRITA|NIA CAE:|SARIEN:|SIS.
E2, D2  MEDIA
D2  MESOPO|TAMIA.
C2  MYSIA.
B2  Narbo|nensis
B1, C1  NORI:|CVM.
B2  Numidia
D2  PAMPHI:|LIA.
C1  PANNONIA
D2  PAPHLAGO|NIA.
C2  PELEPO|NESVS.
D1  SARMATIAE.
D2  SYRIA.
B2  Tarraconensis
C2  THRA:|CIA.
D2  Tospita palus
B2  Tusci

Islands

Quadrant Text
B2, C2  Aethusa
C1  Athilla
B2  Baleares insulę
B1, A1  BRITANNICAE|Insulę
B2  Calathe.
C2, D2  Carpathus
C2  Cephale|nia.
B2  Cercinna
C2  Chios
C2  Ciclades.
C2  Claudia
C2  Corc’ra
B2  Corsi:|ca.
C2  Cos
B2  Cos’ra
C2  CRETA.
D2  CYPRUS.
C2  Cythera
A2  Deorum|insulę
B2  Ebißus
C2  Euboea.
B1  Eubonia
A2  Gades
B2, C2  Gaudos
B1  Hebrides ins:
B1  HIBERNIA.
B2  Ilua
B2  Insulę Lipareę|quę et Acolię
A3, A2  Insulę|Fortunatę
C2  Lemnos
C2  Lesbos
A2  Londo|bries
B2, C2  Lopadusa
B2  Mele|bedes.
C2  Melita
C2  Melos
B1  Mona.
B2  Nymphea
B2  Ophiusa
B1  Orcades ins:
C2, D2  Rhodus
C2  Samos
B2  Sardi:|nia
C2  Sc’ros
B2  Senaira
B2  Sicarnia
B2, C2  Sicilia
B2  Stoechades|Insulę
B2  S’rtis parua|Lotophagites
B1  Vectis|insula
C2  Zacin:|thus.

Rivers, inlets, creeks

Quadrant Text
B1  Abus flu.
B3  Ampsaga flu.
A2  Anas flu.
B1  Araris flu.
A2  Asama flu.
B3  Bagradas flu.
A2  Betis flu.
B2  Cartennus fl
C3  Cin’phus flu.
C1  Danubius flu.
C2  Danubius flu.qui et Ister.
A2  Diurus fl.
A2  Durius flu.
D2  Euphrates flu.
D2  Euphrates flu.
B2  Garumna flu.
D2  Halys|flu.
B2  Iberus|flu.
B1  Licus flu.
B1  Ligeris flu.
B1  Matrona flu.
D2, C2  Meandrus flu.
D2  Melas flu.
A2  Minius flu.
B1  Mosa|flu.
C2  Nesus flu.
D2  Nili flu.7.ostia. [The seven months of the river Nile.]
D3  Nilus flu.
B1  Oenus flu.
D2  Phasis flu.
B2, B1  Rheni|fons
B1  Rhenus flu.
B2  Rhodanus flu.
B1  Rißa flu.
B2  Rubricatus|flu.
C1  Sauaria flu.
B1  Sequana|fl.
A2  Tagus flu.
B1  Tamesis flu.
D1  Tanais flu,Asię et|Europę terminus. [The river Tanais forms the border between Asia and Europe.]
B2  Tiberis|flu.
E2  Tigris flu.

Privilege

Quadrant Text
C3  Cum gratia et|Priuilegio.

Lakes

Quadrant Text
D2, D3  Asphaltites|lacus
B3  Lib’a|palus.
E2, D2  Mariana|Palus.
B3  Pallas|palus

Cartouches

Quadrant Text
C3  Ex Liuio,Dion’sio,& Plutarcho, hanc ge:|nealogiam septem Regum desumpsimus,at:|que huic tabulę in historię Romane studioso:|rum gratiam adiecimus. In qua maxima linea|est Regum:mediocres sunt coniugum:minimę|verņ filiorum fliliarumque.Circuli duplicibus cir:|cum ferentijs descripti,masculos denotant;simplicibus autm,foeminas. (D3) [We have taken this genealogy of the seven kings from Livius, Dionysius and Plutarchus for the benefit of those who have an interest in Roman history. The main line of descent indicated the Kings, the lesser lines their wives, and the smalles line their sons and daughters. Double circles indicate males, single circles females.]
E3  Ilia, seu Rhea|S’luia;Remus Hic a Romulo fratre occisus traditur,quod|noua Vrbis moenia per|ludibrium transilijsset [About him, [i.e. Remus] the story goes that he was killed by his brother because mockingly he jumped over the new city walls.][new line]1|ROMV|LVS qui|et|QVIRINVS 37|Her:|silia.|Sabi:|na.|Host|ius Host|tilius|Pomponius| [new line]2|NVMA|POMPI|LIVS.|43.Tatia|T.|Tatius|Sabino|[new line]3|Tvlli|vs hosti|livs.32.|Pom:|pilia.|.|Mar|cius. [new line]4|Ancvs|Mar:|civs.|24.Nonnullis pla:|cet,habuiß|Numan plu:|res filios,ex|alia uxore,no:|mine Lucretia [Some believe that Numa had more sons from another wife, called Lucretia.]|M.|M. [new line]5|L.TAR:|QVINIVS|PRISCVS|38.|Dema|rathus|Chorin|thius|Hunc Demarathū.|Lucumonem De|marathi filiū|appellat Liuius. [This Demarathus is by Livius called Lucumus, son of Demarathus.] |Aruns|Tana:|quil.|Tul:|lus.|Ocri:|sia.|Aruns|Tarquini:|us Egerius|Collati.|L.Tarqui:|nius Colla|tinus.|Lu:|cretia [new line]6|SER:VIVS TVL|LIVS.|44.|Tar:|quinia|M.|Iunius|L.|Iunius|Brutus|Hic L.Brutus|eiectis regibus|vrbeque in liber|tatem restituta|primus Cou:|sul factus est. [This L.Brutus was by the Kings banned from the city, but he regained freedom and was appointed as the first Consul.] [new line]7|L.TAR|QVINIVS|SVPER:|BVS.25|Tullia|Minor|Aruns|Tarqui|nius|Tarquinium Su:|perbū,Arun:|tźque,fratrem|filios,Tarquinij|Prisci nominat|Liuius:cum tamen|Dion’sius dicat eos|fuiße ex filio nepotes,|et hoc veritati consen:|tianus eße ex tempor|serie ostendit. [Tarquinius Superbus and his brother Aruns are by Livius called the sons of Tarquinius Priscus, whereas Dionysius informs us that they are the offspring of his son, and he demonstrates that this is compatible with the truth when we take time into consideration]|Tullia|Maior|Aruns|Titus|Sex:|tus.|Octa:|uius Ma|milius.|Utra ex Tullia hanc sobolem|pocreauerit Tarquinius,nusquam legi. [I have not been able to find out whether Tarquinius produced this offspring from Tullia.]
B3  Originis,Incrementi,et Culminis Imperij Romani,breuis enumeratio.|Primo sub Regibus septem,Romulo,Seruio,etc.per annos ducentos & tres supra quadraginta,non amplius quam usque Portum,atque Hosti:|am,intra decimum octauum miliariū Romanum proceßit Imperium Sub Consilib.verņ,inter quos interdum Dictatores,et Decemuiri,ac Tribuni|militares fuerunt,per annos quadringentos & septem supra quadraginta,usque trćs Padum Italia est capta:Africa Hispanięque subactę:Gallia,et|Britannia tributarię sunt factę:Illyrici,Histri,Liburni,Dalmatę,sunt domiti.ad Achaiam transitum est:Macedones expugnati:cum Dardanis,|Moesis et Thracibus est bellatum.ad Danubium est peruentum|ac in Asia (pulso Antiocho) primum pedem posuerunt Romani.Mithrida:|te victo,regnum Ponti est captum,cum Armenia minori quam idem tenuerat.in Mesopotamiam progressum est;& cum Parthis foedus initum;contra|Carduenos,& Saracenos ac Arabas pugnatum:Judea omnis victa:Cilicia et S’ria,in potestatem redacta:ac tandem in Aeg’ptum peruentum.Sub Impe:|ratoribus autem,a Diuo Augusto nempe ad Theodosij superioris,et Honorij ac Arcadij eius filiorum tempora,per annos,quadrigentos &|quadraginta Cantabri,Astures,totaque Hispania sub iugum mißa est. Alpes maritimę Coccięque et Rhetię Noricum.Pannonię et Moesię,Imperio acceßerunt. Omnis ora Danubij in Prouincias est redacta.Pontus omnis,et Armenia maior;Mesopotamia,Aßyria,Arabia & Aeg’ptus,in Im:|perij Romani iura conceßerunt.Atque hoc modo his Principibus viris,& Populi Romani virtute,ac Immortali eorū gloria,hoc Augustißimū Im:|perium ad summū fastigium perductum fuit;Cuius limites fuere ad Occidentź Oceanus,ą Septentrione Thenus et Danubius,ab Oriente Tigris,|ą Meridie Atlas mons.quę omnia in hac tabula ob oculos (historię canditatis) ponuntur. (A3) (C3) [A short list of the origins, growth and culminations of the Roman Empire: At first, under the seven kings called Romulus, Servius etc., the Roman Empire extended for 243 years no further than to Portus and Ostia, with a radius of 18 miles. However,under the Consuls, in some cases including dictators, groups of ten men, and military tribunes, Italy has been conquered in 447 years all the way beyond the river Po; Africa and Spain have been subdued, Gallia and Britannia have been conquered; the Illyrians, Histrians, Liburnians and Dalmatians have been overrun; Greece has been invaded, the Macedonians have been beaten; wars have been waged against the Dardanians, the Moesians and the Thracians; the Danube has been reached and the Romans have made their first conquests in Asia by winning Antiochus; When Mithridates had been defeated they occupied the Kingdom of Pontus and at the same time the smaller province of Armenia, which was under his rule. The Romans proceeded to Mesopotamia and struck a treaty with the Parths. They entered into combat with the Carduanians, Saracenes and Arabs. They conquered all of Judea.They brought Cilicia and Syria under their rule. Finally, they invaded Egypt. However, at the time when the Emperors ruled, that is to say from the time of Divine Augustus until the time of Theodosius the Great and his sons Honorius and Arcadius, they brought under their rule in the course of 440 years the Cantabrians, the Asturians, and all the rest of Spain. The coastal areas, the Alps, Coccia and Rhetia, Noricum, Pannonia and Moesia have augmented their power. The entire Danube area has been divided into provinces, The entire Pontus, Greater Armenia, Assyria Arbaia and Egypt have come under Roman Law, and thus, thanks to the exertions of their commanders, and through the valiant behaviour of the Roman people, and in immortal glory, they have attained the highest stage for this most elevated Empire, of which the borders in the West are the Oceans, in the North the river Rhine and Danube, in the East the river Tigris and in the South the Atlas mountain range. All this is shown on this map for the benefit of those studying history.]
A1  ROMA TVVM NOMEN TERRIS FATALE REGENDIS [around the portrait of Tibullus, who is the author of this quote: Rome, your race is destined to rule the world. (Tibullus: Elegies II.5.57)]
C1  ROMANI|IMPERII|IMAGO. (An Image of the Roman Empire.]
E1  ROMVLO VRBIS AETERNAE CONDITORI [Around portrait of Romulus: For Romulus, the founder of the eternal city.]

Orientations

Quadrant Text
C3  MERIDIES.
A2  OCCIDENS.
E2  ORIENS.
C1  SEPTENTRIO.

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