Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 089

Text (translated from the 1584 Latin 3rd Add., 1584 Latin, 1584 German 3rd Add., 1587 French, 1588 Spanish, 1592 Latin, 1598 French & 1602 Spanish edition):

89.1. {1584L3Add{THIETMARSIA, {1598F {or DIETMARSH}1598F}

89.2. About the MARSI, descended from Marsus, Strabo the ancient Geographer speaks, and he says that many years ago they departed from the coasts near the Rhein to a low and marshy country. From these are descended the THEVTOMARSI, or, as they commonly pronounce the word, the Thietmarsi who about 400 years ago were governed by the most ancient family of Staden, many of whom they treacherously slew, finally liberating themselves by killing and banishing all their nobility. Henricus surnamed the Lion, Duke of Saxony subdued them. But being outlawed by Emperor Frederick, Waldemar, king of Denmark occupied the country and when he used their help against Adolph, Earl of Holstein and the Lubeckers, they revolted against their enemies, by whom the king was defeated at the village of Bornhouet.
89.3. Thus again being restored to liberty, to avoid the impression of living in Anarchy, not subjected to any jurisdiction, they adopted the patronage of the Archbishop of Bremen and acknowledged him as their king, but yet they would never pay tribute or subsidies to him, nor would they be obedient to his laws and commands. Often the Dukes of Holstein have attempted wars against them, and always they were repelled. Frederick the third, Emperor of Rome, gave the country to Christian the first, King of Denmark under the title of a Dukedom.
89.4. His son Ioannes, waging war against them in the year 1500, lost the battle, all his forces having been overthrown, and he hardly escaped with very few men by flight, leaving behind him the largest part of the nobility of Holstein. After that, they grew more audacious by this victory, and often greatly troubled and afflicted the Duke of Holstein. <Then> Adolph, son of Frederick of Denmark and heir to the kingdom of Norway, and the Duke of Sleswick and Holstein who no longer wanted to endure their insolence, in the year of Christ 1559 mustered their men, gathered a great army to which Frederick the second, king of Denmark and Ioannes, his brother, joined their forces.
89.5. These armies <being> thus united, set forward and immediately conquered Meldorp and the entire Southern part of the province. Then after a few days of waiting, they led their forces along to Tilenbrugge. Against them, the Dietmarshers marched from Hemmingstade with all their power, and they met the enemy near the town of Heyde, intending to order the soldiers to take a rest, tired as they were with their tedious march. But being repelled, and attacking again, they were finally beaten, killed or forced to flee, <and> the town was taken and set on fire.
89.6. That day about 3,000 Dietmarshers were slain. Duke Adolph, labouring as a valiant captain to keep his men in array and bringing those back who began to run away, got wounded. This battle was fought on the thirteenth day of June. The Dietmarshers having been beaten, they submitted themselves to the King and Dukes, and obtaining pardon they were received in grace. And in this way Dietmarsh, which for many years in a row had defended and maintained its liberty by force of arms, became subjected to the Duke of Holstein.
89.7. This is what the author of this Map, which we here have inserted into our Theatre has written about this country. See also Albert Crantzius' Chronicle of Saxony. Recently a small Treatise was published in Basel without the author's name, by Samuel Roy, in which he has described these wars between the Danes and the Dietmarshers, and other things which help you to understand this area better.

89.8. The Islands belonging to the WANDALS

89.9. There are three islands, pertaining to Pomerland, <viz.> RVGIA, VSEDAMIA and WOLLINIA, best known for their three market towns Vineta, Arcona and Iulina. VINETA, an excellent town on Vsedome was destroyed by Conrad the second Emperor of Rome surnamed Salignus in the year of Christ 1036 with the help of Canutus, king of Denmark, after having been in a flourishing condition for altogether about 250 years.
89.10. The quarrel arose, as they report, because they had treated certain Christian Merchants trading there very condescendingly and cruelly. It was not situated, as Crantzius says, near the mouth of the river Divenow, or on the East side of the creek where a new lake empties itself into the sea {1587F & 1598F only{now called Frischaf}1587F & 1598F only}. For it is from there seven miles Westwards, <and> two miles South {1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S & 1592L have instead{East}1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S & 1592L instead} of the strong castle of Wolgast.
89.11. At this day its foundations can yet be seen in the sea, about thirty furlongs from the shore, or from the fishermen's cottages in Damerow. It seems to have been almost as large as Lubeck. Towards the end of the winter, the ice from the marine quarters in that area is gathered and remains on these beaches and often appears from far off <to be> like a Castle or Bulwark. Here the Seals give birth to their young and raise them in summer (the East sea being calm) on the crags and rocks there.
89.12. And here they sleep on the tops of the cliffs and rocks which are above the waters. These do much harm to the poor fishermen that dwell around here, eating their salmon {1587F only{as the English call tem}1587F only} {1584G3Add, 1588S & 1592L have instead{seapike and other fish that has been caught with a fish-hook}1584G3Add, 1588S & 1592L instead}.
89.13. <The next market town is> ARCONA, now commonly called Ormunde by the seamen. In the neckland of Rugen was Wittow or Witmund as the Dutch call it after the high white chalk cliffs on the sea coast. This island is divided into many small isles and necklands. It has in all 28 parish Churches. Waldemar, king of Denmark in the year of Christ 1168 spoiled Arcona. Ottocar, king of the Romans and of all Italy was born in Rugen, as <were> also various other famous captains, renowned in histories and recorded by Franciscus Irenæus. In our time it has brought forth many learned noblemen who have been <members of> the Council for Kings and great Princes.
89.14. <The market town> IVLINVM, has been there longest. This overcame the royal and great armada fleet of Swein the first, king of Denmark, and defeated him thrice in three different battles at sea, yet was three times rescued and released from their hands again. Iulinum was located in that place or area where you now find the town of Wollin, as the monuments of places in that neighbourhood show sufficiently. Saint Otto, Bishop of Bamberg, the Apostle of Pomerland in this town baptised 22,000 people in the year 1124. Here the Princes of Pomerland erected a Bishops see, and Albertus, the first Bishop of Pomerland was installed there.
89.15. Yet the citizens and people around Iulinum soon fell back to paganism and again adored their idol Trigilaff, and utterly abandoned Christ, and therefore fire fell from heaven and destroyed the city. Waldemar also, immediately after the fire, two years after the overthrow of Arcona destroyed Iulinum. There is also the Isle of Gristoa opposite and within the range of Camin {1584L3Add & 1584L only{where the Danes keep their cattle}1584L3Add & 1584L only}. These matters, as I have recorded here, were described to me by M<r>. Peter Edling from Colberg. See <also> Saxo, Helmond and Cranzius}1584L3Add} © Marcel van den Broecke ©.

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