Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 087

Text (translated from the 1595 Latin, 1601 Latin, 1602 Spanish, 1603 Latin, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian, 1609/1612/1641 Spanish and 1609/1612 Latin edition).

87.1. {1595L{HOLSATIA, {not in 1601L & 1603L{vulgarly called HOLSTEIN}not in 1601L & 1603L}.

87.2. About Holstein, Crantzius <writes> like this in the twenty-seventh {1608/1612I has instead(17th}1608/1612I instead} Chapter of his fifth book on the history of Saxony: Holsatia derived its name from a vernacular word of that language, because the country is woody and full of forests, to distinguish between these parts and those neighbouring near to it, which are marshy and green pasture grounds. The Saxons call the inhabitants Holsaten, that is, people dwelling amongst the woods. In contrast, they call those who dwell in fenny countries Merslude.
87.3. From that the Romans have formed the names Holsati, Holsatia (Holsaten and Holstein) like the French and Italians are used to enrich the Latin tongue from their own language. On the East this country has the river Bilene as its border, on the West <the river> Store, on the South <the river> Elbe {not in 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612/1641S{or Elve}not in 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612/1641S} and on the North by <the river> Eydore, which in former times was the furthest border of Denmark.
87.4. From this river Eastwards the Wandalles or Vandalles, also called Wagers lived, by whom this province was named WAGRIA, after an ancient (and once populous) city of that name, now a poor village, little inhabited, without a wall, trench, rampart or fence. The houses are covered with reeds gathered in the fens, homely and rural. It runs Eastwards as far as the river Travenna.
87.5. That part of the country which from the river Bilene near the Elbe declines towards the river Store, and is called Stormare after that river, leaves but little territory to old Holsatia, <namely> from <the> Store to <the> Eydore. For the Diethmarshers, a people inhabiting moorish and fenny places, claim freedom and privilege from the jurisdiction of any other Prince.
87.6. This Crantzius in his time wrote about the state of Holstein as it then <was>. From which it is apparent that Holstein was divided into Thietmarsh, Wagria and Stormare. The same Crantzius and others also call these Holsaters Transalbianos and Nordalbianos since they are situated beyond and North of the river Elbe, called Albis {1606E only{by the Romans}1606E only}. {1601L, 1603L & 1606E only{Ado also calls them Northvidos, under whom are included, as the same author and Helmoldus write, the Stormares, Holsaters and Thietmarshers}1601L, 1603L & 1606E only}.
87.7. He who wrote about the wars between the Danes and the Dietmarshers (we do not know his name) describes these countries somewhat differently than the writers named before have done. For he states that Holstein, as it is now called, generally comprises the Dukedom of Sleswick, Wagria, Stormare, Dietmarsh and Iuitland, <together> with certain other smaller countries and islands, such as Angle-land, Swant-land {not in 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L{and Wensusset}not in 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L}, anciently called Cimbrica Chersonesus.
87.8. But this limitation is somewhat too extreme, for the same author immediately after writes that Holstein is properly bounded by those four rivers within which Crantzius restrains it. Although Annonius the Monk, as he cites there, instead of the river Eyder places on the North side the wall and trench which the people call Denwerk. And this is the Holstein which this Map of ours presents to your view. That the Cimbri, a warlike people, inhabited this area long since is very clear from the writings of most approved authors.
87.9. In Wagria {1606E only{or Wagreland,}1606E only} Crantzius lists these cities: Oldenburgh, Lutkenburgh, Niestade {1606E only{or Nigestad}1606E only}, Todeslo, Zegebergh, Plone &c. In Stormare”, <there are> Hamburgh, Reinoldesborgh, {1601L{Niemunster}1601L} Itzeho, &c. Dietmarsh has no cities. They only dwell in hamlets and villages <there>, and we have written elaborately about it in its proper place. About the country of Sleswick read David Chytræus' Saxon history, where he also speaks much of Hamburgh, a city belonging to this Dukedom.

87.10. The Islands belonging to the WANDALS

87.11. There are three islands, pertaining to Pomerland, RVGIA {1606E only{<or> Rugen}1606E only}, USEDAMIA {1606E only{Usedom}1606E only} and WOLLINIA {1606E only{<or> Woolin}1606E only}, best known for their three market towns Vineta, Arcona and Iulina. VINETA, an excellent town on Usedome was destroyed by Conrad the second, Emperor of Rome surnamed Salignus in the year of Christ 1036 with the help of Canutus, king of Denmark, after having been in a flourishing condition for altogether about 250 years.
87.12. The quarrel arose, as they report, because they had treated certain Christian Merchants trading there very condescendingly and cruelly. It was not situated, as Crantzius says, near the mouth of the river Divenow, or on the East side of the creek where the new lake empties itself into the sea. For it is from there seven miles Westwards, <and> two miles South (1608/1612I has instead{East}1608/1612I instead} of the strong castle Wolgast.
87.13. At this day its foundations can yet be seen in the sea, about thirty furlongs from the shore, or from the fishermen's cottages in Damerow. It seems to have been almost as large as Lubeck. Towards the end of the winter, the ice from the marine quarters in that area is gathered and remains on these beaches and often appears from far off <to be> like a Castle or Bulwark. Here the Seals (Phocæ) rest and give birth to their young and raise them in summer (the East sea being calm) on the crags and rocks there.
87.14. And here they sleep on the tops of the cliffs and rocks which are above the waters. These do much harm to the poor fishermen that dwell around here who eat salmon and other fish which they catch with hooks.
87.15. <The next market town is> ARCONA, now commonly called Ormunde by the seamen. In the neckland of Rugen was Wittow or Witmund as the Dutch call it after the high white chalk cliffs on the sea coast. This island is divided into many small isles and necklands. It has in all 28 parish Churches. Waldemar, king of Denmark in the year of Christ 1168 spoiled Arcona. Ottocar, king of the Romans and of all Italy was born in Rugen, as <were> also various other famous captains, renowned in histories and recorded by Franciscus Irenæus. In our time it has brought forth many learned noblemen who have been <members of> the Council for Kings and great Princes.
87.16. <The market town> IVLINVM, {1606E only{now Wollin}1606E only} has been there longest. This overcame the royal and great armada fleet of Swein the first, king of Denmark, {1601L{and defeated him thrice in three different battles at sea, yet was three times rescued}1601L} and released from their hands again. Iulinum was located in that place or area where you now find the town of Wollin, as the monuments of places in that neighbourhood show sufficiently. Saint Otto, Bishop of Bamberg, the Apostle of Pomerland in this town baptised 22,000 people in the year 1124. Here the Princes of Pomerland erected a Bishops see, and Albertus, the first Bishop of Pomerland was installed as its first Bishop.
87.17. Yet the citizens and people around Iulinum soon fell back to paganism and again adored their idol Trigilaff, ands utterly abandoned Christ, and therefore fire fell from heaven and destroyed the city. Waldemar also, immediately after the fire, two years after the overthrow of Arcona destroyed Iulinum. There is also the Isle of Gristoe opposite and within the range of Camin, {1602S only{which belongs to the Danes, for it is all surrounded by Ganado}1602S only}. These matters, as I have recorded here, were described to me by M<r>. Peter Edling from Colberg. See Saxo, Helmond and Cranzius}1595L} © Marcel van den Broecke ©.

Bibliographical sources

For questions/comments concerning this page, please e-mail
The software that generates this website is available for sale. For more information, contact Thomer M. Gil.
This page has been generated on Mon Jan 16 21:35:03 2006.