Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 30


Text, one version only, translated from the 1595 Latin, 1598 French, 1601 Latin, 1602 German, 1602 Spanish, 1603 Latin, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian, 1609/1612/1641 Spanish and 1609/1612 Latin edition. Note that the 1598F text is shorter than the other text, but not very different.

30.1. {1595L{The kingdom of VALENCIA.

30.2. {not in 1598F{PtolemŠus calls the people inhabiting Spain Tarraconensis the Heditani. Plinius names the region Edetania. It seems that in Strabo they are called Sidetani, and in Livius Sedetani, (Plinius also calls the people Sedetani, and the region Sedetania, but [they are] different from these, as appears from his third book and third chapter). In this area of Editania {1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{or Leria}1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only} is the city of Valencia, albeit that PtolemŠus attributes it to the Contestani, {1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{or those from Concenteyna}1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only}, a nation with borders in the vicinity}not in 1598F}. After this city, the principal one, the whole region receives its name, and it contains what the ancients called Hedetania, Contestania and part of Ilercaonia. This province acquired the title of a kingdom around the year of our Lord 788, as you may read in Pedro de Medina and [in] Pedro Antonio Beuthero.
30.3. It is located at the Mediterranean sea, and is refreshed by the streams of the river Turia [Turio], a river so called by Sallustius, Priscianus {not in 1608/1612I{and Vibius}not in 1608/1612I}. Pomponius Mela [calls it] Durias, and Plinius Turius. Now they call it Guetalabiar, which is an Arabic name imposed by the Moors, which means as much as pure, clear water. It is a river not very deep, but with regard to its ever flourishing banks, bedecked with roses and various [other] kinds of flowers, exceedingly pleasant. It is on both sides, from its very source to its mouth naturally covered with beautiful and shady woods. Everywhere you may behold the withy, the plane, the pine tree and other trees which never lose their leaves, {not in 1598F & 1602G{so that Claudianus wrote most truly about it: Fair Duria, adorned with flowers and rosy banks}not in 1598F & 1602G}.
30.4. There is also the river Sucro, which by a new name they call Xucar. Two hills there are here among the rest, one called Mariola [not on map], and the other Pe˝a golosa [not on map], that is, The rock of dainties, to which many herbalists and physicians gather from other places. For upon these hills grow a great many rare roots and herbs. They also have a silver mine at a place called Buriol [not on map], on the road from Valencia to Tortosa. Certain stones are found there that are interlaced with veins of gold, in a place which they call Aioder [not on map].
30.5. At Cape Finistrat [not on map] there are iron mines and so there are at Iabea [not on map]. Near Segorbia [not on map] there are still traces of a quarry from where marble used to be transported to Rome. In Pi[c]acent [not on map] they dig alabaster, and all over the country alume, ochre, lime and plaster in great abundance. But the greatest riches of this country consist of earthen vessels which they call porcelains, {not in 1598F & 1602S{which may perhaps be the same as what ancient writers call {1606E only{Vasa}1606E only} Murrhina}not in 1598F & 1602S}. These are made in various places of this kingdom so cunningly and with such art that the best porcelains in Italy (which in all countries is esteemed so highly) can hardly be preferred to them.
30.6. {not in 1598F & 1602G{Who desires to know more about the excellent qualities of this region, and how fertile it is, especially in sugar, wine and oil, let him read the 9th, 12th and 13th book written by Bernardine Gomez discussing the life of Iacobus the first, king of Arragon}not in 1598F & 1602G}.
30.7. Among the cities of this kingdom, Valencia is the most important one, and the see of a bishop, who (as MarinŠus Siculus and DamiŃo de Gˇis report) may have a yearly budget of 13,000 {1602S & 1609/1612/1641S have instead(30,000}1602S & 1609/1612/1641S instead} ducats. {not in 1598F & 1602G{Among all the Valencias of Europe, this [one] (says Bernardin Gomez) is called by the French Valentia the Great, for it contains 12,000 houses, next to its suburbs and gardens, which have as many houses as the city itself. Pedro de Medina writes that in this city there are more than 10,000 water springs. An exact description of them you may read in Iohannes Marianas twelfth book, nineteenth chapter {not in 1606E{about Spain}not in 1606E}.
30.8. It is so beautiful that the Spaniards in a common saying talk about Rich Barcelona, Plentiful Saragozza and Fair Valencia}not in 1602G}. Plinius calls it a colony of the Romans. He says that it is three miles distant from the sea. That this city in ancient times was called Roma by Romus, the king of Spain is reported by Annius from Manethon, and by Beuthero in his Annals. Let they take the responsibility for this.
30.9. In an ancient inscription it is called Colonia Iulia Valentia. It retained the name of Rome (says the same Beuthero) until the Romans subdued it. They, having enlarged and beautified it, called it Valentia, a name referring to the quality of the place}not in 1598F}. A council was held here in the year of our Lord 466. It is a city of venerable antiquity, where even to this day many ancient marble [monuments] with inscriptions by the Romans engraved on them, have survived, some of which are described by Beuthero just mentioned, and Ambrosio Morales}1598F ends here}.
30.10. The territory of this city is mostly inhabited by a people descending from the Moors, retaining as yet the language and conversation of their fathers and grandfathers, which I learned from the most worthy and famous man Frederico Furius CŠriolanus, born in Valencia}1595L, 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1606E, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612L & 1609/1612/1641S end here}{1602G only{since the king and the inquisition condone it}1602G only, which ends here}.

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