Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 060


Text (translated from the 1579/1580L2Add, 1579 Latin, 1580/1589 German, 1581 French, 1584 Latin, 1587 French, 1588 Spanish, 1592 Latin, 1595 Latin, 1598 Dutch, 1598 French, 1601 Latin, 1602 German, 1602 Spanish, 1603 Latin, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian, 1609/1612/1641 Spanish and 1609/1612 Latin edition).

60.1. {1579/1580L2Add{The Duchy of LVTZENBVRG.

60.2. This region, as we see <it among> many others, is named after Lutzenburg, its principal city. But why it is called by that name, we cannot guess easily. First it went under the title of an Earldom, and then was advanced to the dignity of a Duchy, and as such it continues to the present day. Some say that it was advanced in this way by Wenceslaus, king of the Roman Empire; others <say> by Charles the fourth, but Conradus Vercerius ascribes this to Henricus the seventh, the first Roman Emperor of that family. {1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G{I find in ancient manuscripts that the first Earl of Lutzenburg was a certain Sigisfridus, and that he was the son of Tacuinus, Duke of Mosel}1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G}.
60.3. In former times Lutzenburg was part of Triers. It stretches from the wood Arduenna to the Meuse {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1601L, 1602G & 1608/1612I have instead{Mosella}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1601L, 1602G & 1608/1612I instead}{not in 1598D{(a river much praised by Ausonius)}not in 1598D}. The countries bordering on this Province are {1598D, 1606E, 1609/1612/1641S, 1609/1612L only{part of}1598D, 1606E, 1609/1612/1641S, 1609/1612L only} France, Lorraigne, Metz, Trier, {not in 1608/1612I{Namur,{German, French, Spanish and some Latin editions have instead{Gulic}1598D, 1606E, 1609/1612/1641S, 1609/1612L instead} and Liege. {1584L, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{It does not have many cities built recently}1584L, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only} {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1587F, 1588S & 1598F have instead{it has only nine cities}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1587F, 1588S & 1598F instead}, {not in 1601L{according to Vercerius. and it had more of them in the past; maybe these diminished because of the liberties which Henricus bestowed on the three municipalities of Saarbrucken, Vitelliaco and the splendid Church he donated to Trier, and because of wars with France}not in 1601L}. It is in most places mountainous and woody, but here and there also well manured, and recently we see their woods everywhere being removed and converted into the most fruitful fields. The people are mostly Dutch {1581F, 1588S, 1602G & 1608/1612I have instead{German}1581F, 1588S, 1602G & 1608/1612I instead}, {1598F has instead{tall}1598F instead}, but in the part of the country adjacent to France, they are accustomed to the language and fashions of the French.
60.4. This Dukedom, according to Guicciardinus, is about 70 of our {not in 1602G{Flemish}not in 1602G} miles long. Within it, there are seven Earldoms, many Baronies, and numerous gentlemen, {1609/1612L{as they call them, and many Noblemen}1609/1612L}. There are as many as twenty-three cities with stone walls, next to those laid waste by the fury of war, and <it has> 1168 {1579L, 1584L & 1592L have instead{1068}1579L, 1584L & 1592L instead}{1580/1589G & 1602G have instead{1800}1580/1589G & 1602G instead} villages and various castles of importance.
60.5. The principal city is called Lutzenburg or rather Luxemburg, for I find it written in both ways, {not in 1581F & 1587F{but without any choice <being made between these two> because both the true manner of writing it and its derivation are uncertain}not in 1581F & 1587F}. Some think it might be called Elzenburg and corruptly Lelzenburg after the river Elza {not in 1579/1580L2Add & 1598D{(perhaps what Antoninus calls Alizontia)}not in 1579/1580L2Add & 1598D} which runs through this city. Others refer <in this context> to the famous story of the Enchantress Melusina. But it is not my purpose to prove or disprove such statements {1581F & 1587F have instead{but we will not deal with fables}1581F & 1587F instead}. Here resides the chief Council, {not in 1581F, 1587F, 1598F & 1602S{and the highest Court of justice}not in 1581F, 1587F, 1598F & 1602S}.
60.6. The city is sufficiently strong, but it is unevenly distributed. For it is partly located on a hill, and partly in a steep and low valley, {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1603L, 1606E and 1609/1612L only{depending on the point of view}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1603L, 1606E and 1609/1612L only}. Then you have Arlune located on the top of a hill, a very beautiful town {1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G{where you nowadays find various monuments from antiquity, which Count Peter Ernestus ordered to be moved to his stately Palace in the city of Lutzenburg}1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G}. Some are of the opinion that formerly the Moon was adored here in a heathen manner, and that <therefore> it was called Arlune, as if Ara lunae, {not in 1598D{that is, the altar of the moon}not in 1598D}. {1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G{Others imagine that the following cities also borrowed their names from those of the gods {1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S and 1609/1612L have instead{planets}1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L only}, such as {not in 1598D{Ivosium (commonly}not in 1598D} Ivoix) from Iove {1602S & 1606E only{or Iupiter;}1602S & 1606E only} {not in 1608/1612I{Sathenacum (now Soleure) from Saturnus; Virtonium (alias Verton) from Venus}not in 1608/1612I}; Marvilla (or Marville) from Mars; Malmedium (Malmedi) from Mercury. Some interpret <it as> Malmedi, Montem maledictum, <that is> The accursed mountain, saying that it was called like that because <it was> here <that> the Emperor Valentinianus lost his army}1592L, not in 1598F & 1602G}.
60.7. Next follows Rodemacherne. Also Thionville, on the banks of the Meuse {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G & 1608/1612I have instead{Mosella}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G & 1608/1612I instead}. It is the fortress of the whole region, and a town well defended against all hostile attempts <to take it>. <Then> Gravenmachern and Coningsmachern, two small towns situated on the same river. {not in 1598D{Dechrij is located}not in 1598D} on the river Saur. {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G & 1602S only{Then Virton}1579/1580L2Add, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G & 1602S only}. <Then> Echternach {not in 1579/1580L2Add, 1581F, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F & 1602G{contains a famous Abbey}not in 1579/1580L2Add, 1581F, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F & 1602G}. So does Vianden. Also the town of Bastoigne, the principal market of the whole region, located near the wood Arduenne. Here you have similarly {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{Malmedy}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only}, Naufchastelle, Danviller, {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{Marville}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only}, la Roche, and Durbis, towns not altogether unworthy to be mentioned, as are Saint Vit, Marche, {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only{Iuois}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1580/1589G, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1588S, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S only}, Chiney and Ferta. All of these are more elaborately described by Guicciardini}1579/1580L2Add, 1581F, 1587F, 1598F & 1602G end here}. {1579L, not in 1580/1589G & 1598D{Regino in his second book makes mention of mount Adromare near Thion-ville, where Charlemaigne used to go out hunting on horseback}1579L, not in 1580/1589G}. {1592L{More about this region you may read in our Itinerarium or Journal}1592L, not in 1598D} Marcel van den Broecke .

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