Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 051

Text (translated from the 1579/1580 Latin 2nd Add, 1579 Latin, 1581 French, 1584 Latin, 1587 French, 1592 Latin, 1595 Latin, 1598 French, 1601 Latin, 1602 German, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian and 1609/1612 Latin editions)

51.1. {1579/1580L2Add{The County of BVRGVNDY

51.2. There are two Burgundies, the Lower {not in 1581F{called Regia}not in 1581F}, having the title of a Dukedom, once the country of the ∆dui. And the Higher named Imperatoria, adorned with the title of a County {1606E only{or Earldom}1606E only}{1581F, 1592L and later but not in 1602G{commonly called LA FRANCHE COMTE}1581F}, that is to say, The free county}1592L and later but not in 1602G}. This of old was inhabited by the Sequani. It is represented on this map. In the North it borders on Lorraine and upper Germany, {1606E only{Savoy and Bresse}1606E only}, in the West Lower Burgundy and in the East part of Switzerland {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{and in the South on the Allobroges{1581F has instead{Savoyens}1581F instead} & Secusianos}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1581F, 1584L, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only}. It is now divided into three partitions or governments, the Upper, the Lower and that of Dole. The cities of the Upper are GRAY, one of the principal <cities> of the whole government, situated on the river Araris {1581F & 1587F instead; 1606E only{or Saone}1581F & 1587F instead; 1606E only}, rich in various kinds of merchandise and stoutly built. On one side it is endowed with large and fruitful fields. VESOVL has strong walls, beautiful houses and fair vineyards. MOMBOSON, IVSSEY and PALMA lie on the river Dubis {1581F & 1587F instead; 1606E only{or Doux}1581F & 1587F instead; 1606E only}. PORT-SVR-SAONE {not in 1581F, 1587F & 1598F{on the river Araris}not in 1581F} or Saone}not in 1587F & 1598F}, with CROMARAY, MONTGVSTIN and FAULGOGNEY.
51.3. The cities of Lower Burgundy are SALINS, a large city thus named in connection with a certain salt and fountains, for here excellent white salt is made, which is carried in carts from here to neighbouring countries, and brings great revenue to this region. SCODINGA, situated in a long, straight valley, extending longitudinally between a double ridge of high mountains, which bear vines in those places which are most open to the sun. It is exceedingly strong, being fortified with two castles and various lofty turrets.
51.4. ARBOIS <is> located on most pleasant soil, and abounds with all necessities, especially with excellent and durable wine. It has large suburbs on all sides. It is surrounded by ditches but such as they make gardens upon. Around it are mountains with a most beautiful view, watered by clear springs, and covered with fruitful vines, and splendid woods. It is called Arbois after Arboribus <= trees>, because it is planted with trees. POLIGNY <is> a fair town, fortified by stately walls and towers.
51.5. The castle called Grimonia lies within it. On one side it has mountains with woods, on the other side hills covered with vines, the wine of which is excellent. PONTARLIER <is> situated in a low valley between two mountains on the bank of the river Dubis. Not far from there stands the strong castle of Iura {1606E only{or Ioux}1606E only}, on the top of a very high hill, so that for its location it cannot be attacked.
51.6. NOZEROY has been established on an open hill, in the very heart and middle of the region. All the houses are in one way or another built of stone. The Prince of the country has a castle here, called the Leaden castle, because it is covered with lead. A Fair is kept here four times a year. In former times, before it was walled, it was named Nucillion, after the abundance of hazelnuts that grow around here, for it lies in the middle of these trees.
51.7. CHASTEL CHALON <was> built and named by Charlemaigne {1608/1612I has instead{Emperor Charles the Fifth}1608/1612I instead}, {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1584L, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{and was therefore also named Magno <= the Great>}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1584L, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only}, both pleasantly and strongly situated. MONTMOROT <lies> on a {1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1584L, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{not so}1579/1580L2Add, 1579L, 1584L, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only} steep mountain planted with vines. ORGELET abounds with merchandise. The inhabitants are industrious and exert themselves to make clothing. Their fields are barren, for they are full of hills and craggy rocks.
51.8. From this comes a common proverb saying That Orgelet has fields without grass, rivers without fish and mountains without woods or groves. The cities of Dole are firstly DOLE itself, the main city of the province, a source of all learning, and especially of civil law. It is most pleasantly situated on the river Dubis, <and> adorned with bridges, walls and invincible forts. The houses, churches and schools, both in size and interesting architecture are most delightful to behold.
51.9. QVINGEY is a very ancient town, situated on the bank of the Loue. ORNANS also stands among high mountains by the river Loue {1581F, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{rich with fish}1581F, 1587F, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only}. LA LOY is a most ample village. ROCHEFORT is a pretty little town. VERCELLES has ruinous and deformed walls. In this county lies BESAN«ON, an Imperial and Metropolitan city of both Burgundies, a description of which I cannot provide adequately on this page, but <this> has been done exactly by Gilbert Cognatus, Paradinus and Georg Bruno in his volume on cities, <so> I will stop to speak of it here. For since their books are easily obtained, I refer all students to them. To these you may also add Robert Cúnalis.
51.10. It were to be wished that Cognatus had not frustrated the hope of students, for he promised in a book to restore and bring to light ancient Burgundy, together with a specific Map, with the old and new place names. But so far we have waited in vain <for it>}1579/1580L2Add}. {1595L, not in 1598F & 1602G{Whatever the case may be, not long ago Ludovicus Gollusius published a large and specific volume on this County in French}1595L, not in 1598F & 1602G} © Marcel van den Broecke ©.

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