Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 029

Text (translated from the 1584 Latin third Additamentum, 1584 third German Additamentum, 1584 Latin, 1587 French, 1588 Spanish and 1592 Latin edition)

29.1. {1584L3Add{The kingdom of VALENTIA.

29.2. Ptolemæus calls the people inhabiting this part of Hispania Tarraconensis Heditanos. Plinius names the region Edetania. It seems that in Strabo they are called Sidetani, and in Livius Sedetani. Plinius also calls the people Sedetanos, and the region Sedetania, but he means something different from these, as appears from his third book and third chapter. In this area of Editania is the city of Valentia {1588S only{or Leria}1588S only}, albeit that Ptolemæus attributes it to the Contestani, a nation in the vicinity. {1587F instead{This country has as its capital Valentia}1587F instead}. After this city, as from the principal one, the whole region receives its name, and it contains the ancient Hedetania, Contestania and part of Ilercaonia. This province acquired the title of a kingdom around the year of our Lord 788, as you may read in Peter de Medina and <in> Peter Antonius Beuthero.
29.3. It is located at the Mediterranean sea, and is refreshed by the streams of the Turia, a river so called by Salustius, Priscianus and Vibeus. Pomponius Mela calls it Durias, and Plinius Turium. Now they call it Guetalabiar, which is an Arab name given by the Moors, meaning as much as pure, clear water. It is a river not very deep, but with regard to its ever flourishing banks, bedecked with roses and various <other> kinds of flowers, exceedingly pleasant. It is on both sides, from its very source to its mouth naturally covered with beautiful and shady woods, very lovely to behold. Everywhere you may see the Withy, the Plane, the Pine tree and other trees which never lose their leaves.
29.4. There is also the river Sucro, which by a new name they call Xucar. Two hills there are here among the rest, one called Mariola, and the other Penna golosa, that is The rocks of the eager, to which from other places gather many Herbalists and Physicians. For upon these hills grow a great many rare plants and herbs. They also have a silver mine at a place called Buriol, on the road from Valentia to Tortosa. In a place called Aioder certain stones are found that are interlaced with veins of gold.
29.5. At Cape Finistrat there are iron mines and so there are at Iabea. Near Segorbia there are still remnants of a quarry from where Marble is said to have been transported to Rome. In Picam they dig Alabaster, Alum, Ochre, Lime and Plaster, all in great quantities. But the greatest riches of this country consist of earthen vessels which they call Porcelain, {not in 1587F{which may perhaps be the same as what ancient Writers call Murrhina}not in 1587F}. These are made in various places of this kingdom so cunningly and with such art that the best Porcelains in Italy (which in all countries is esteemed so highly) can hardly be preferred to them.
29.6. Among the cities of this kingdom, Valentia is the most important one, and the see of a Bishop, who, as Marinæus Siculus and Damianus a Goes report, has a yearly income of 13,000 {1588S has instead{30,000}1588S instead} ducats. {1592L{This city is of such splendour that the Spanish have a saying which goes : Barcelona the Rich, Cæsaraugusta the Abundant, and Valentia the Beautiful}1592L}.
{not in 1587F{Plinius calls it a colony of the Romans. He says that it is three thousand strides distant from the sea. That this city in ancient times was called Roma by Romus, the king of Spain is reported by Annius from Manethon, and by Beutherus in his Annales. Let they take the responsibility for this.
29.7. In an ancient inscription it is called COLONIA IVLIA VALENTIA. It retained the name of Rome, adds the same Beutherius, until the Romans subdued it. They, having enlarged and beautified it, called it Valentia, a name meaning Roma}not in 1587F}. A council was held here in the year of our Lord 466. It is a city of venerable antiquity, where even to this day many ancient marble <monuments> with inscriptions by the Romans engraved on them, have survived, some of which are referred to by Beutherius just mentioned, and by Ambrosius Morale}1587F & 1588S end here}.
29.8. The territory of this city is mostly inhabited by <a people descending from> the Moors, retaining to the present day the language and Mohammedan religion of their forefathers, which I learned from the most worthy and famous man Frederico Furius Cæriolanus, born in Valentia}1592L ends here}. {1584L3Add, 1584L & 1584G3Add only{The King and his entire inquisition turn a blind eye to this}1584G3Add, 1584L & 1584G3Add only} © Marcel van den Broecke ©.

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