Cartographica Neerlandica Map Text for Ortelius Map No. 024


Text (translated from the 1584 Latin 3rd Add., 1584 Latin, 1584 German 3rd Add., 1587 French, 1588 Spanish, 1592 Latin, 1595 Latin, 1598 Dutch, 1598 French, 1601 Latin, 1602 German, 1602 Spanish, 1603 Latin, 1606 English, 1608/1612 Italian, 1609/1612/1641 Spanish and 1609/1612 Latin edition)

24.1. {1584L3Add{The {1598D only Flemish}1598D only} isles of the AZORES

24.2. Some are of the opinion that these islands, {not in 1598D{situated in the Atlantic or Western Ocean}not in 1598D} are named Açores by the Spaniards after a kind of Hawk which they call {not in 1588S, 1598D & 1602G{Açor, and in the plural}not in 1588S, 1598D & 1602G} Açores. One writes, but in jest, that they are named after the French word Essorer which means to dry or wither. {1592L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612/1641S{In Latin one may call them Accipitrarias or the Isles of the Hawks}1592L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612/1641S}, {1595L, 1601L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{and in Greek <in Greek lettering> Hierakoon}1595L, 1601L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only}. Our Dutchmen call them De Vlæmsche eylanden, that is, The Flemish Isles, because they are thought to have been discovered by certain Flemish Merchants from Bruges. At that time (they said) they could find nothing on them but trees (especially many Cedars) and woods, and birds of various kinds. {not in 1602G{And to this place they <then> sent inhabitants to take possession and till the land of the Islands mentioned}not in 1602G}. Later, they surrendered to the Portuguese, under whose government they still remain.
24.3. {1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F & 1602G{Lewis Marmolius in folio 48 reports that they were discovered around the year 1455}1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F & 1602G}. Undoubtedly the ancient writers did not know them. Yet, they might have named them, perhaps. For whether they specified them under the name Cassiterides I am not sure. The {1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G & 1602S{Spanish}1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G & 1602S} fleets, loaded with Indian commodities usually, when returning, stop at these islands {1584L3Add, 1584L, 1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598D, 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L & 1608/1612I only{before proceeding to Lisbon {1608/1612I only{Siuiglia}1608/1612I only} or Cadiz}1584L3Add, 1584L, 1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598D, 1601L, 1602S, 1602G, 1603L & 1608/1612I only}. {1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1603L & 1608/1612I only{It is to be wondered that only on these islands, because of the air or because of their nature are characterised by this}1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1602G, 1603L & 1608/1612I only}. For sailing from these parts of the world towards America, {1584IIIG, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{or the New World as they call it}1584IIIG, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only} as soon as you are past these Islands, you are freed from gnats, fleas, lice and all other kinds of bothersome vermin {1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{with small feet}1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598F, 1601L, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only}, which die immediately beyond the Açores, and come to nothing.
24.4. They are nine in number, and called {1584G3Add & 1602G only{by the Portuguese as follows}1584G3Add & 1602G only}. The isle of St. Michæl, Terçera, St. Georges Isle, Pico, Fayal, Graciosa, Las Flores, Cuervo and the Isle of St. Maria, all of which we will discuss separately.

24.5. TERÇERA.
24.6. This Isle is called Terçera because it is the third in order as you sail from Spain. {1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S{And on the basis of this one, the common sailors, in confusion, call the whole {<series> by the name of Terçera}1595L but not in 1598D, 1598F, 1602G, 1602S & 1609/1612/1641S}. It abounds with corn and fruits, and is not destitute of wine. The Inhabitants are greatly enriched by their Madder, with which clothes are dyed red. In this Isle grows plenty of this commodity, especially around the places called Los Altares and Falladores. Angra, the main city, is most strongly fortified with impregnable rock, a bulwark called Brazil. This Isle is also after the name of our blessed Saviour called by the Spanish Isola d'el buen Iesu.

24.7. PICO.
24.8. This isle received its name from a mountain on it, rising steeply in the form of a rounded {1602G has instead{six-cornered}1602G instead} Pyramid {1606E only{or sugar loaf}1606E}. Whatever has this natural shape is by the Portuguese called Pico. This hill is three miles high. Within, it is hollow and full of dark caves, {1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598D, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L only{and emits flames like mount Ætna}1584G3Add, 1587F, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1598D, 1598F, 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L only}. And at the foot of the mountain Eastwards, there is a spring with fresh water, which sometimes emits fiery streams and stones burning hot. And this happens with such great force and violence, that they are hurled in a bulky current to steep lower places, and even into the sea, where a multitude of these stones have formed a promontory or outlying land, usually called Mysterij. This is about 12 miles distant from the spring mentioned. At his moment, it stretches about a mile and a half into the sea, due to the continued increase of this heap of stones. {1584L3Add, but not in 1598D{Those who write that this island was so named after the bird called Picus Martius {1602G & 1606E only{or woodpecker}1602G & 1606E only}, have been much deceived}1584L3Add but not in 1598D}.

24.9. FAYAL.
24.10. This Isle is so named because of the Beech tree. For the Portuguese call the Beech Faya, {1584L3Add, 1584L, 1584G3Add, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only{or Fagutal}1584L3Add, 1584L, 1584G3Add, 1588S, 1592L, 1595L, 1601L, 1602G, 1603L, 1608/1612I & 1609/1612L only} and a place planted with Beeches Fayal. That there are still on this Island certain families of the Flemish race which first inhabited it, namely such as are called Bruyn, Utrecht &c. I have heard from a trustworthy Portuguese. {1601L{Linschoten, also an eye witness, writes in his Journal, published in Dutch {1602S & 1609/1612/1641S have instead{Spanish}1602S & 1609/1612/1641S instead}{1601L & 1608/1612I have instead{in our language}1601L & 1608/1612I instead}, that on this very Isle there is a river called Ribera des Fiamengos, or the river of the Flemish. He says further that all the inhabitants of this island originally came from Flanders, and that they are still an asset to the Flemish nation}1601L}.
24.11. Concerning the remainder, that is Flores, so called for its abundance of flowers, Cuervo, with Crows, Graçiosa, pleasant, or the Isles of St. George, St. Maria and St. Michæl named after those saints (for it is usual among the Spaniards to name places after the Saints on whose day they find them), I have nothing to add, except that Theuet is mistaken in that he falsely and carelessly attributes that mountain to St. Michæls Isle, {not in 1595L, 1601L, 1603L & 1609/1612L{which we have truly and fully described under Pico}not in 1595L, 1601L, 1603L & 1609/1612L}. {1601L{About these isles you may read a little in the History of Ierome Conestagio, discussing the Union of the Kingdom of Portugal to the crown of Castile, and also in the 97th Chapter of the}1601L} {not in 1601L, 1602G, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L{East-Indian}not in 1602G, 1601L, 1602S, 1603L, 1608/1612I, 1609/1612/1641S & 1609/1612L} {1601L{journal by Ioannes Hugo van Linschoten}1601L} © Marcel van den Broecke ©.

Bibliographical sources


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